Trailer Ä Alcestis PDF by ↠´ Euripides This was such a phenomenal, fantastic read I might be a bit biased because I m a big fan of the Classics and especially Euripides plays, but I m convinced that everyone would find think that this one is incredible To let you decide for yourself I m not going to write a raving review, I m just going to leave you with one of my favourite pieces of this play DeathWhat you call deathIs simply my natural power,The pull of my gravity And lifeIs a brief weightlessness an aberrationFrom the status quo which is me I d recommend this to absolutely anyone no matter what they like, because as I said, I m convinced that this is a great book for anyone Happy reading In Alcestis, the god Apollo rewards Admetus, king of Pherae in Thessaly, for his hospitality by arranging that on the day of the king s death someone else perishes instead of him Admetus s old parents selfishly refuse to take his place his wife Alcestis, however, agrees to die for him After she dies, in dramatic fashion, Heracles visits Admetus s house not wanting to turn away a friend by making him feel that he cannot stay and enjoy himself in times of mourning, he conceals the news of his wife s death and receives him with great hospitality Yet Heracles soon discovers what has happened through the deeply saddened servants In gratitude to his friend s unwavering hospitality, Heracles goes off to wrestle with Death, duly defeats him, and brings Alcestis back.
There is quite a bit of debate about whether Alcestis is actually a tragedy, given its happy ending I personally don t think it matters much how we categorize it.
I m pretty sure this was either a masterpiece or a train wreck I m leaning towards masterpiece Admetus knows he will die soon, but Death offers him the chance to live if he can find someone to take his place Admetus wife, Alcestis, accepts As Latti writes in the introduction, the tale isn t so much How noble must a wife be to take her husband s place in death, as How selfish and cowardly must a husband be to let his wife die for him But Heracles rescues Alcestis and brings her back to life in the last five pages We don t hear from her after her revivification, which leaves the reader wondering how this family can ever be reconciled can such a noble wife return to living with and loving a man who let her die for him This is supposed to be a tragicomedy, but I think that the ending is intentionally lacking in satisfaction to force the reader to consider what s left unsaid.
I wonder if this myth had any bearing on Shakespeare s A Winter s Tale The endings remind me of each other so.
The translation read is that of Richmond Latti Alcestis has long been viewed as somewhat of a problem play It was not produced as one of the traditional trilogy of tragic plays performed in Athens but rather was substituted for the satyr play that always followed them Thus, it has long been disputed whether it is a comedy or a tragedy, and over the years it has been performed both ways The story draws from Greek mythology Admetus, king of Thessaly, had been told long ago that Death would come for him prematurely but that he could be spared if someone would agree to die in his place His close friends and his parents decline to do so, but his wife Alcestis agrees that she will be his substitute In this play, all this is told by Apollo as a prologue, the action of the play starting on the very day when Death comes for Alcestis She is presented as a sad, weary, but faithfully willing victim, concerned for the fate of their two children, and she asks the deeply grieving Admetus to promise not to remarry, a promise he willingly gives Admetus is presented as a devastated figure, distraught by the loss he is about to incur His own father enters the scene briefly and rejects the blame that Admetus heaps upon him for his unwillingness to die for his son and, by implication, in place of Alcestis.
Left relatively unaddressed is the issue of why Admetus has not embraced his own fate Is he reluctant to leave Thessaly without a strong and caring ruler, his own son being far too young to assume the kingship The question is left unresolved but hovers in the background as a troublesome dilemma The position of the very old Pheres, Admetus father, seems clearly selfish and defensively obdurate.
The happy ending of the play might support its suggested status as a comedy, but enough dark and uncomfortable questions remain unanswered to leave the reader or the viewer troubled How far should self interest influence one s choices and behavior What do we owe to society, to family, to posterity What demands do we have the right to make of each other Finally, what meaning to we attribute to life, and how does that meaning influence the way we live and die This is not a play that one can read and immediately dismiss, wherein lies its value and its staying power.
3.
5 5I think it s hard to judge a version of a play when you haven t read the original, so forgive me for dropping critics on the story line instead of on the adaptation I thought this play was very interesting Admetos is going to die, but he is afraid to Since no one wants to die in his place, his wife Alcestis decides to do so Everything that comes from this is quite thought provoking Admetos begs Alcestis to stay with him and he mourns her loss, which is all very ironic since he let her die The most powerful part, though, is when Admetos gets mad at his father for not dying for him and they start arguing over whose fault it is that Alcestis died, and I thought these parts were the best, because it s about the real reason that Alcestis died Pheres You call me a coward Be careful what names you use for usWho failed to die for you, at your request.
Think of the names that will be found for you.
Admetos Let the noblest woman on this earth Die because he dare not.
He knows he made a mistake.
Pheres The only mistake would have been Dying for you The mistakeMade by that poor fool there, Alcestis.
Which develops into an even bigger argument where I was totally like OOOOHHHH TELL HIM BOIII.
So to me, everything involving the selfishness of Admetos was really interesting And I thought the part where Heracles gets totally wasted and is reenacting all his heroic deeds with his servants was pretty comical What I didn t like, however, was that Alcestis is being brought back, for two reasons One, Heracles is being the hero again, which he really doesn t deserve because it just boosts his ego Two, Admetos doesn t deserve it at all I read in other reviews that this happy ending is to think about what s left unsaid, but I just didn t experience it that way Three, no juicy details about how it went just two sentences about it from Heracles I also got a bit annoyed by how God is being portrayed as non omnipotent, and I thought it didn t really add much to the story.
All in all it s surely not a bad read and it reads pretty easily so it s worth the try



Death and Resurrection in Ancient Greece9 April 2012 I can now understand why they call this a problem play for most of the play it is a tragedy but suddenly, at the end, everything turns out all right One commentary I have read on this raises the question of whether it is a masterpiece or a train wreck What we need to remember though is that this would have been one of the seven plays of Euripides that were selected to be preserved and I say this because unlike the other two classic playwrights, he have a whole volume of Euripidean plays that came down to us along with the seven masterpieces However it is the myth sitting behind this play that we need to consider, and it seems that Euripides actually added nothing to the myth, and the resurrection of Alcestis at the conclusion of the play is something that existed in the original myth The story was that Alcestis was an incredibly beautiful woman surprise, surprise and her father held a contest to see who would be the most worthy suitor Admentus won the contest With regards to Admentus, he had helped Apollo by taking care of the god after he had been kicked out of Olympus, and Apollo rewarded Admentus by helping him complete the task to win over Alcestis father However, after the marriage, Admentus did not make the required sacrifice and was to die, but once again Apollo intervened and saved his life by making the furies drunk The catch was that somebody had to die in Admentus place This is a little different than what I gathered from the play, and that was that for helping Apollo, Admentus was given the gift of a longer life, but there was a sting in the tail, and that was that somebody else had to willing give up their life Admentus parents basically told him to bugger off, but Alcestis, his wife, stepped in as the sacrifice, much to Ademntus horror The play begins with Alcestis dying, and this happens pretty quickly However, while Admentus and his household is in mourning, Heracles rocks up on his way to Thrace to complete one of his tasks Now, hospitality is very, very important to the Greeks, and despite his mourning, Heracles is welcomed into the house and given guest quarters, however he is not told what is happening Heracles finds out after speaking to a servant, and in appreciation for Admentus opening up his house, he goes and defeats death and brings Alcestis back to life Now, here is another instance of resurrection in Greek mythology Here we have Heracles defeating death to bring someone back to life, however this differs from Christian mythology in that a second person steps in to overturn death, even though he is the son of Zeus This is like Jesus bringing Lazerus back to life as opposed to Christ returning from the dead However we do see glimpses here of the concept of the son of God defeating death Admentus is truly a tragic character, probably one of the most tragic of the Greek heroes that I have read, though I note that it is Euripides that seems to use this the best However, it does not end badly for Admentus, and his tragic flaw his desire for a long life does not truly bite him In a way it causes division within his family, such as with the death of Alcestis and the fact that he drives away his father Admentus is a truly selfish individual what right does he have demanding the life of his father in law so that he might live longer It does not work like that, and it seems that Euripides is in agreement This play is about death, pure and simple, and how death destroys relationships We also get a glimpse into the mind of Admentus, as he mourns over the death of his wife We see that despite his longer life it is no longer a life worth living and in fact he no longer wants to spend any time where he will be reminded of Alcestis sacrifice I guess the main reason he mourns so hard is not the futility and meaninglessness of death as some Christians might suggest but rather because the death came about through his own selfish desire to live longer Yet he does not learn from this, and in fact he is rewarded for his selfishness Okay, it is clear that the reward comes not from his own failings as a human being, but rather because despite his grief and mourning though I doubt a psychologist would suggest that this is the natural grief process he still fulfilled his duty towards his guest Also, despite his lying to Heracles, Heracles still saw fit to reward him for his hospitality Still, those last five pages where Alcestis returns from the dead, despite her no longer having a voice in the play, just does not seem to sit right.
Admetos, king of Thessaly, is cursed to die young Being a good king, the call goes out for someone to take on his early death After everyone declines, including his aging parents, his wife, Alcestis, chooses to die First and foremost, this play is a meditation on the horror of profound loss In the stark wailing language of Greek plays, that emotion is distilled and magnified.
ADMETOS a pain too huge to utter.
Pain, dark pain.
Instead of light painNo refuge anywhere in meFrom this fire, this huge dark single flamethat caresses my whole body While Admetos grief forms the center of the play, there are a number of satellite scenes that circle this dark core, each of which explores some aspect of the experience of death and grief I ll go through some of them so you can see how this play worked for me and how it earned five stars Admetus admits Hercules as an honored guest and hides the death of his wife, for fear his friend would avoid burdening his grieving host Hercules gets drunk, and acts out his labors, all twelve of them, including those he s yet to complete as well as the freeing of Prometheus Afterward, he wakes from his stupor and learns the truth He s been partying while his best friend s wife lies dead.
This play within a play is fun for mythology buffs who get to count off the labors of Hercules as it must ve been for the ancient Greek audience It also further explores how we hide death from ourselves Hercules labors, completed in a drunken stupor, could easily correspond to the labors of humanity, undertaken in ignorance of the tragedy of death We feel that same sudden shock when we remember that we have been working and playing in the shadow of death.
Another seeming digression is Admetus s argument with his parents Who deserved to die, who deserved to take this death that was ultimately meant for Admetus Who among us doesn t suppose, when a death occurs that someone else could have taken it for themselves The questions people like to ask is, was Admetus selfish to stay alive Was he sexist Probably, yeah But the point isn t to judge but to expose this emotional and poisonous reasoning that each of us carries within us The chorus sees it s not really a quarrel between the king and his parents CHORUS Admetos is trying to gnaw himselffree from Admetos Admetosis spitting out the torn flesh and bloodof Admetos How devastatingly gory and profound I can t do justice to the scope of this play Here we explore the public and private spheres of grief We explore duty and selfishness and the potential worth of one life over another There are enough puzzles here for years of study In the end, it s not important that we make sense of this massive work It is enough that it cracks open the inner experience of grief, the agonies of life, hope, and despair in the face of fated death Admetus s burden, and the burden of every human being, is transmuted into something inexplicably fine Here is the essential power of the theater on full display.
A note on the translation This translations is that of UK poet laureate Ted Hughes, and I think it s superb I ve no comparisons It does contain anachronisms I m usually not cool with that, but as you can tell from my review, it didn t seem to bother me I m no scholar, but I suspect he took other liberties As a stand alone work, this is one of the most incredible books I ve ever read, but I wouldn t use this translation if I were making a serious study of Euripides.
The play opens with the agon of Apollo and Death Atropos, maybe, or Thanatos , regarding how Lachesis had allotted a specific amount of time to Admetus, monarch of Pherae, but Apollo, in recompense for kindness shown to him during his own punishment, persuaded Hades to permit Admetus to escape the moment of his death by giving the lower powers someone else to die ll 13 14 The text acknowledges that this practice sets up a fungibility of persons that, assuming normal market mechanisms, will favor the rich l 57 insofar as Those who could afford to buy a late death l 59 may escape the allotment of Lachesis.
Alcestis agrees to become her husband s representative when Atropos arrives to collect the life that is owed, for which the chorus of Pheraean citizens very predictably finds that as she dies, there dies the noblest woman underneath the sun ll 150 51 , with which we should compare the choral responses to Medea and Phaedre on the one hand i.
e.
, dismissal as monstrous and Jocasta and Macaria on the other For her part, Alcestis does not sell her life dearly, asking only in recompense,what I shall ask you not enough, oh never enough,since nothing is enough to make up for a life,but fair, and you yourself will say so, since you lovethese children as much as I do or at least you should.
Keep them as masters in my house, and do not marryagain and give our children to a stepmother ll 299 305 Admetus is a jerk about all of it, blaming his parents for her death because they very reasonably decline to represent him and thereby become his apotropaic contra Atropos and then having buyer s remorse and then proclaiming a year s public mourning, inclusive of there shall be no sound of flutes within the city, and no sound of lyre ll 430 31.
Meanwhile, Heracles shows up in town, on the way to Thrace for his 8th labor, the anthropophagic mares of Diomedes, for whom humans are equally fungible, as it happens, as they are for Atropos or for Admetus, if we get down to it Because he is friends with Admetus, he takes it upon himself to wrestle Atropos Beside the tomb itself I sprang and caught him in my hands ll 1141 42 , and recover Alcestis Yay, stunningly silly eucatastrophe Por Escul pio ter dado vida aos mortos, foi punido por Zeus que o eliminou com um raio Apolo , irado, matou os Ciclopes Como castigo, Zeus condenou o filho a pastar vacas na cidade grega de Feres, cujo rei era Admeto.
Quando Admeto adoeceu, Apolo, por bondade , negociou a vida dele com T natos a Morte Admeto aceitou a d diva, convencido que algum servo, ou os pais, se ofereciam imediatamente para morrer por ele Todos recusaram Apenas a esposa, Alceste, aceitou o sacrif cio H rcules visita Admeto durante as ex quias de Alceste Por o amigo lhe ter escondido que o luto era pela esposa, o her i, no seu quarto e para esc ndalo dos servos, embebeda se e canta em altos berros Ao saber a verdade, H rcules redime se lutando com T natos para lhe arrebatar Alceste.
A pe a de Euripides decorre durante o dia da morte de Alceste, dando relevo sua despedida dos filhos, do marido e da vida A parte que achei mais original, e estranha , foi o di logo entre Admeto e o pai A revolta do filho com os pais por se recusarem morrer por ele, e a defesa do pai que, embora chocante para quem tem filhos, est muito bem argumentada Afinal, Admeto aceita, naturalmente, que outro ser morra no seu lugarAgora, vou armar aos cucos mais um bocadinhoEstas hist rias maravilhosas que atravessaram s culos e continuam a encantar e comover foram fonte de inspira o para muitos outros artistasNo entanto ser e n o ser s o coisas muito diferentes , diz o H rcules de EuripidesSer ou n o ser, eis a quest o , diz o Hamlet de Shakespeare Frederic Leighton criou esta beleza Ah, o magn fico corpo de H rcules lutando pelo de Alceste Hercules Wrestling With Death For The Body Of Alcestis Christoph Willibald Gluck comp s a pera Alceste Andei horas no YouTube a ouvir rias cantadas por vozes milagrosas Escolhi, para aqui, Divinites Du Styx, na voz da divina Callas que n o morreu por amor mas, talvez, de amorMorrer por amor um doce sacrif cioEscul pio deus da medicina Apolo filho de Zeus e pai de Escul pio Ciclopes artes os dos raios usados por Zeus J piter Segundo Ov dio e outros autores foi por estar apaixonado por Admeto.
At Once A Vigorous Translation Of One Of Euripides Most Subtle And Witty Plays, And A Wholly Fresh Interpretation, This Version Reveals For The First Time The Extraordinary Formal Beauty And Thematic Concentration Of The Alcestis William Arrowsmith, Eminent Classical Scholar, Translator, And General Editor Of This Highly Praised Series, Rejects The Standard View Of The Alcestis As A Psychological Study Of The Egotist Admetos And His Naive But Devoted Wife His Translation, Instead, Presents The Play As A Drama Of Human Existence In Keeping With The Tradition Of Greek Tragedy With Recognizably Human Characters Who Also Represent Masked Embodiments Of Human Conditions The Alcestis Thus Becomes A Metaphysical Tragicomedy In Which Admetos, Who Has Heretofore Led A Life Without Limitations, Learns To Think Mortal Thoughts He Acquires The Knowledge Of Limits The Acceptance Of Death As Well As The Duty To Live Which, According To Euripides, Makes People Meaningfully Human And Capable Of Both Courage And Compassion This New Interpretation Compellingly Argues That, For Euripides, Suffering Humanizes, That Exemption Makes A Man Selfish And Childish, And That Only The Courage To Accept Both Life And Death Leads To The Realization Of One S Humanity, And, In The Case Of Alcestis, To Heroism