Trailer Û De la démocratie en Amérique PDF by æ Alexis de Tocqueville Readers are also invited to check out my comment made for Jemery Perron s book review.
The serf mentality is a common trait to all or almost all people who walk in the surface of this planet.
It encompasses people in all walks of life, from the bottom to the top of this human heap save for the 0.
1% top, composed of the like of Queen Elizabeth , Emperors Trump, Xi Jinping , Putin and their Royal Courtiers.
This mentality is unique trait exists exclusively in human only.
You don t see it among other animal species.
In almost all animal species, democratic principlmope is observed faithfully.
A pack of wolves would chase and swarm a deer for example.
Sucessful, they will partake the carcass very much equally or somewhat equally.
Similar scene can be seen with other carnivores.
You don t see a situation where the strongest wolves keep almost all of the carcass for themselves, chasing away all weakers wolves and leave them starved.
But look at human being society , look at that old witch perching in that jeweled chair at Downing street.
What do you see her and her brood ,and her brood s brood stuffing into their mouths What kind of the clothings they are wearing, what castle are their abodes , what kind of wheels and flying metal birds they use to move about, how many real estate they own, how much money in their bank accounts and thousand of other kind of possession they own including precious metal and stone.
Perhaps they own half of everything that exist in this planet thanks for centuries of Vikingism , Rob Kill Plunder.
And just look a bit out there in Downing StWhat do you see This scenario is not exclusive for the despicable stinking British Royal.
All other ruling gangs that sit on the top of all human heap of all countries are very much the same regardless of whatever political system they adoptThen why is this fuss about this DEMOCRACY shit Why is this argument , discussion, academic mumbo jumbo about this vicious, persisting, bloody exploitation of the NOBLE and HIGH PRIEST upon their sweating, laboring, hard breathing, suffering , tear and blood shedding FOOT SOLDIERS, landless farmers, factory workers , office slaves and all other starving labourers What God damn good is this dirty trick they call DEMOCRACY This is very dirty , clever and vicious scheme their buddies , the intercontinental mafia inspired cartels in oil, uranium , manufacturers of weaponry including atomic bombs, fighter jets, em humongous carriers , subs and missiles and all big ass consumer goods CHIP IN BIG ASS CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTION to their honorable servant , their big ass CANDIDATES who will , as certain as tax and death, ELECTED in any and all election s or ERECTIONS At county, city , state and federal levels.
Am I exaggerating Hardly, just look at ALL of the results of all dirty, tricky ERECTIONS from the beginning of their democraTRICK history until now all em mass murderers , snakes, swines ,croc s, thieves, liars squirmed their way to all of em most lucrative positions leaving nothing for the starving serfs But look Here are the whole bunch of extremely stupid pseudo academic intelligentsias , the author included , wasting tons of paper and ink in this bogus academic, useless,heartless, cruel,stupid,hypocritical, meaningless and brainless barking, yelping, growling that are driving me nut Another God damn bad day MoronsHow many dimwit among them realize that this babbling from this Alexis de Tocqueville is just a dirty smokescreen to cover French s gun boat piracy that murdered millions of em resisting savages even though em male savages hardly ever corpulate with their own grandma s as the Gauloi did frequently at far flung islands and continents, to bring home tons of gold and other precious metals, diamond , metal ore and other natural resources needed for their burgeoning industries , including the industries of warship building, canon and small arms manufacturing to further their national policy of international piracy , politely referred to as colonialism.
And here is this big ass politician and a political commentator , lying with a straight fat face , as though all the above mentioned French s dirty business never happen, intones his fake Gospel about his God damn democracy And thousands, hundred thousands if not millions of equally brainless dimwit serfs and middle class are also stupidly SWOONING over it Included in the above , of course are rich boys and girls , the nobles and high priests No doubt, that trashy bogus academic discourse from that French man is their Gospel.
It legitimize their despicable human blood sucking ,exploiting and oppressing enterprise Made me wanna throw up It amazed me that my country, the USA, was looked on as a democracy worth emulating within its first half century of existence Though some see Democracy in America as a recounting of travels, and others see it a deconstruction of a foreign country, I think I am with a fair number of others who consider Tocqueville as trying to find what France might adapt for its own institutions That, of course, started with our penal system because that is what paid the freight for Tocqueville and his compatriot, Gustave de Beaumont to spend many months seeing much of America.
I have struggled with writing this review for months because it is so easy to drill down on any one ofthan a dozen topics including America s Constitution the nature of the democratic family the Indians that Tocqueville observed Blacks and slavery the importance of local government the judiciary the tyranny of the majority the role of political parties the foundation of education freedom of speech how s influence democracy American culture individualism the desire for wealth the strength of lawyers and, how Christianity fits with democracy.
What permeates this two volume work are Tocqueville s thoughts and concerns about how democracy can and should work For instance, Americans were not the first individuals but Tocqueville invented the word individualism and applied it to Americans He believed there was a danger in this American individualism, particularly the tendency to withdraw from the public sphere It was in private life that individuals could see themselves as unique, yet he feared that this would encourage withdrawal from the public sphere and mitigated their participation in the life of the community, thus damaging the foundation of democracy Tocqueville consistently holds that democracy is not just a form of government it is a way of life Beyond democratic institutions, he sees democratic values and attitudes and family structures and culture Tocqueville uses the term s of democracy to describe the larger idea of democratic values and habits In addition to being essential to understanding our democracy, Tocqueville was concerned as to whether nations without a tradition of democracy could quickly create an egalitarian and free society A concern that is just as appropriate today There are so many aspects of America and Americans that he found worth considering Reading these almost 200 years since he wrote them down, it is easy to point to what may not be now relevant But the astounding impact of this book is how much of it is enduring and how many of the questions that he raised are still relevant.
No summary of that is a substitute for your willingness to take time to immerse yourself in his experiences I leave you with something that, I hope, will further encourage you to do so.
Key events before and during Beaumont and Tocqueville s time in America My thanks to one of my professors for his notes 1828.
Tocqueville meets Gustave de Beaumont, who will be his traveling companion in America, and Mary Motley, whom he will later marry 1830Tocqueville reluctantly takes an oath of loyalty to the new king following the July Revolution and is appointed a substitute judge Beaumont and Tocqueville propose a trip to America to study the American penal system Jan 1, 1831.
William Lloyd Garrison publishes the first issue of The Liberator Feb 6, 1831.
Beaumont and Tocqueville are granted an 18 month leave to study the American penal system Mar 18, 1831The Supreme Court rules on Cherokee Nation v Georgia Apr 2, 1831They set sail for America May 9, 1831Beaumont and Tocqueville arrive in Newport, Rhode Island May 11, 1831.
They arrive in New York City May 27, 1831.
They travel up the Hudson River to visit Sing Sing Penitentiary June 30, 1831.
They leave New York City July 4, 1831.
They attend July 4th festivities in Albany July 9, 1831They begin their visit to Auburn Penitentiary July 16, 1831.
They arrive in Canandaigua, New York, and stay with John C Spencer July 18, 1831.
They arrive in Buffalo July 22, 1831.
They arrive in Detroit and depart for Saginaw July 26, 1831.
John C Calhoun definitively declares himself for nullification Aug 9, 1831.
Tocqueville and Beaumont arrive in Green Bay Aug 18, 1831.
They visit Niagara Falls Aug 22, 1831.
Nat Turner s rebellion begins Aug 23, 1831.
They arrive in Montreal Sept 9, 1831.
They arrive in Boston for a stay of almost four weeks Sept 28, 1831The Anti Masonic Convention meets Oct 12, 1831.
They arrive in Philadelphia for a two week stay, visiting Eastern State Penitentiary several times Oct 28, 1831They travel to Balti, where they encounter slavery for the first time Nov 12, 1831.
The first steam powered train makes its maiden voyage Nov 25, 1831.
Tocqueville and Beaumont leave Pittsburgh on an Ohio River boat for Cincinnati but hit a rock the next day.
Dec 7, 1831They arrive in Nashville Dec 25, 1831.
They begin their trip to New Orleans from Memphis on a steamboat Jan 1, 1832.
They arrive in New Orleans Jan 3, 1832They begin a long voyage on land and sea through the South Jan 15, 1832.
They arrive in Norfolk, Virginia Jan 17, 1832.
They arrive in Washington Jan 19, 1832Tocqueville and Beaumont meet President Andrew Jackson Feb 6, 1832.
They arrive in New York Feb 20, 1832They board a ship for their return voyage to France.
Democracy In America Has Had The Singular Honor Of Being Even To This Day The Work That Political Commentators Of Every Stripe Refer To When They Seek To Draw Large Conclusions About The Society Of The USA Alexis De Tocqueville, A Young French Aristocrat, Came To The Young Nation To Investigate The Functioning Of American Democracy The Social, Political Economic Life Of Its Citizens, Publishing His Observations In Brilliantly Written, Vividly Illustrated With Vignettes Portraits, Democracy In America Is Far Than A Trenchant Analysis Of One Society At A Particular Point In Time What Will Most Intrigue Modern Readers Is How Many Of The Observations Still Hold True On The Mixed Advantages Of A Free Press, The Strained Relations Among The Races The Threats Posed To Democracies By Consumerism Corruption So Uncanny Is Tocqueville S Insight So Accurate Are His Predictions, That It Seems As Tho He Were Not Merely Describing The American Identity But Actually Helping To Create It De la democratie en Amerique On Democracy in America Democracy in America, Alexis de TocquevilleDe La D mocratie en Am rique published in two volumes, the first in 1835 and the second in 1840 is a classic French text by Alexis de Tocqueville Its title translates as On Democracy in America, but English translations are usually simply entitled Democracy in America In the book, Tocqueville examines the democratic revolution that he believed had been occurring over the previous several hundred years 1971 1346 815 1380 743 9641319505 19 1347 815 1383 574 1393 9789644455285 19 1394 1831 I m going with 4 stars here, it isn t always the easiest book to read, but worth it There is a lot of wisdom in this book, a lot of insight While history hasn t borne out all his predictions, there have been enough Sadly also, it looks as thoughof the things he said may still prove to be true In today s atmosphere, the thoughts here compared to the reality we live in and that may be coming to pass.
well, it s worth some thought When America broke away from the branch so to speak it was a new thing in the world No colony had ever done what was done here and it was an idealistic experiment even a dream that was watched by the world Europe wassomewhat worried and England in particular was very unhappy about the implications Had the War of 1812 gone differently on this side of the Atlantic we all still might be drinking teathan coffee as it could have changed everything But when you say the War of 1812 in Europe their minds go to battles and events other than here in North America They think of the Napoleonic war But back to the subject The American Revolution raised questions worldwide and things began to percolate In France things boiled over not long after they did here It s notable that many in the academic community are farenad with the French Revolution than with the American You see it was supposed to be a rational Revolution it was a Godless revolution with all the clergy and God Himself rejected by the leaders and much of the movement the clergy was seen as close to the royals you see Unfortunately the French Revolution spun out of control into a rein of terror and then into a military dictatorship In the wake of all this a young man Alexis de Tocqueville spent 9 months touring the new United States and when he returned to France he wrote this book commenting on the social and governmental situation and implications He was torn between hopeful andwell, not so hopeful So I recommend the book It s interesting, thought provoking and somewhat sobering I leave you with one quote from said book The American Republic will endure until the day Congress discovers that it can bribe the public with the public s money Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America Think about it.
ChronologyIntroduction NotesFurther ReadingTranslator s Note Democracy in America NotesTwo Essays on America Two Weeks in the Wilderness Excursion to Lake Oneida Update My brother just told me that Kurt Vonnegut says that anyone who hasn t read Democracy in America is a wimp So I guess that makes me almost not a wimp Well Post from a few weeks ago I ve been wanting to read de Toqueville s, Democracy in America for some time, and I ve finally bit the bullet The translation is beautifully done De Toqueville s sentiments are eloquent and thought provoking Wonderful How s that for summer reading Part of me wishes we still talked like pilgrims.
The evidence is mounting I am a philistine.
I had thought to come back to this after reading a general history of the early history of the US republic, but instead a sudden batch of newspaper articles wondering about the end of Democracy brought me back to it.
Reading this book I felt that the unfinished The Ancien Regime and the French Revolution was Tocqueville s masterpiece and in so far as Democracy in America has renown, I feel it is because there are a lot of Americans, and naturally it is nice when a foreigner takes your country and its institutions seriously and discusses them soberly as something of world historical significance although in places he is plainly exasperated by his hosts.
I feel it is important to say that it is not a travelogue, nor is it a systematic study of American institutions circa 1830 de Tocqueville s big idea, I guess, is that a culture or civilisation is by definition congruent so that on the basis of a couple of key data points one can infer or deduce the entire nature of that culture and civilisation On the one hand he is wonderfully inventive coming close to describing alienation and deskilling as a consequence of industrial labour organisation what will become of the man s mind, he asks, if all he does is make pin heads all day for years on end, on the other hand he plainly suffers from the absence of conceptual language which will be invented later and suffers from a fondness of logic and deduction, for example in his opinion at the time of writing there was no American literature but, because he perceives the nature of the culture of the USA, he gives us a chapter about what American and indeed all democratic countries literature will be like, ditto poetry, theatre, history writing and how the USA will conduct wars book 2 Chapter XIII onwards He suffers from Observational bias too because Andrew Jackson was President during his visit he assumes that the trend from then on will be for the Federal structures to become weaker and state ones stronger view spoiler which reminds me of a history of modern Greece that I read, the author closed with the election of a New Democracy government in the mid to late 1980s which he heralded as a decisive changing point in the history at least of Greece, when with a few yearsperspective we see that it bumbled and rumbled along determined to resolutely no kind of changing point at all hide spoiler I don t mind admitting that Alexis de Toqueville s Democracy in America is quite possible the most demanding piece of exposition I ve read since Hegel s Phenomenology of Mind.
I suspect it s one of those books analogous, if you will, to Cervantes Don Quixote, Melville s Moby Dick, Proust s In Search of Lost Time or Musil s Man Without Qualities that avid readers want to have read, but never have.
I finally did.
If you can find the time and the quiet to read fifty pages of this book a day, you can accomplish it in under three weeks If you can devote yourself tothan fifty pages a day and have the concentration necessary to make sense of what you re reading you re a better wo man than I am.
I couldn t In spite of my best efforts and virtually ideal conditions most often in some secluded spot in the Brooklyn Botanic Garden , I found myself having to read many sentences two and three times over Democracy in America is no doubtworthy of a dissertation than of a review And I suspect that thousands of dissertations have been written on this oeuvre.
The book is dense with a capital D and any sort of commentary on it could rival exegesis of the Torah.
Dense it is But also prescient with a capital P If you can t find the time or the circumstances to devote yourself to a reading of the entire work, read just Chapter 10 of Part II, Volume One Some Considerations Concerning the Present State and Probable Future of the Three Races that Inhabit the Territory of the United States And keep in mind that Volume One was published in 1835 the Trail of Tears the expulsion of the Cherokee Nation from Georgia to a circumscribed territory in Oklahoma happened only three years later and the Civil War was still relatively far off But what of de Tocqueville s observation at the conclusion of Volume One concerning Americans and Russians ions before the start of the Cold War Allow me to quote at length from pp 475 476, as I don t want to shortchange the man There are today two great peoples on earth, who, though they started from different points, seem to be advancing toward the same goal the Russians and the Anglo Americans.
Both grew in obscurity, and while humanity s gaze was focused elsewhere, they abruptly vaulted to the first rank among nations the world learned almost simultaneously of their birth and of their grandeur.
All other peoples seem close to achieving the limits traced for them by nature and henceforth need only to preserve what they already have but these two are still growing All the others have stopped, or move forward only with the greatest of effort Only these two march with an easy and rapid stride down a road whose end no eye can yet perceive.
The American does battle with the obstacles that nature has placed before him the Russian grapples with men One combats wilderness and barbarity the other, civilization with all its arms The American makes his conquests with the farmer s ploughshare, the Russian with the soldier s sword.
To achieve his goal, the American relies on personal interest and allows individuals to exercise their strength and reason without guidance.
The Russian in a sense concentrates all of society in the power of one man.
The American s principal means of action is liberty the Russian s, servitude.
Their points of departure are different, their ways diverse Yet each seems called by a secret design of Providence some day to sway the destinies of half the globe Just as prescient are de Tocqueville s observations in Volume Two, Part II, Chapter 20 pp 649 652 in the Arthur Goldhammer Literary Classics of the United States, 2004 edition I ve just read In these four pages titled How Industry Could Give Rise to an Aristocracy , de Tocqueville not only foresees the dangers of the industrial process known as Taylorism introduced decades later by the Ford Motor Company, but also adumbrates the condition of alienation between worker and owner manager, haves and have nots, into which we in the U S are now inexorably slipping Should you have any interest in understandingabout this latter development, I would respectfully refer you to Naomi Klein s book, The Shock Doctrine, which I reviewed here at Goodreads at the end of last month And what of this concluding observation 150 years before the deluge of widgets and gadgets in which most of the current generation of digital addicts would appear to be drowning Habitual inattention must be regarded as the greatest defect of the democratic mind last sentence on p 718 There are no doubt other good reasons for the seemingly constant state of distraction of so many young minds and de Tocqueville carefully lays out his argument in the pages leading up to his conclusion And yet, one has to wonder whether the democratic mind as it has come to be in these United States and elsewhere in the Western World at the beginning of the twenty first century was the incubator or the egg in our so called high tech r evolution Please allow me to return to p 198 to conclude with one last citation, even if I could go on and on with others worth their aphoristic weight in gold Time nostops for nations than it does for individuals Both advance daily toward a future of which they know nothing A future of which they know nothing Scary stuff but worthwhile to say the least reading.
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