ð Read Ë Οἰδίπους Τύραννος by Sophocles ✓ Look and learn all citizens of Thebes This is Oedipus.
He, who read the famous riddle, and we hailed chief of men,All envied his power, glory, and good fortune.
Now upon his head the sea of disaster crashes down.
Mortality is man s burden Keep your eyes fixed on your last day.
Call no man happy until he reaches it, and finds rest from sufferingI believe that in one way or another, everyone at least to some extent has heard of the story of Oedipus and Jocasta It s one of those tales that s been on our collective consciousness forever even though we may not even be able to assertively answer about its origins The same might be said, for example, of Odysseus and Don Quixote they ve been so used and re used, adapted and re adapted throughout so many generations and in so many different formats that one might as well state they were simply born within us, for they re public and common knowledge I, for one, believed Oedipus and Jocasta s tale came from the Bible As I was never a religious person and therefore never payed much attention to it and unfortunately never decently studied Greek mythology , I used to unconsciously attribute to the Bible the origins of all stories which seemed to me as too ancient to properly date I m terribly sorry and embarrassed about that, Sophocles I stand corrected now.
Every time I read an ancient text I recurrently find myself to blame because of the same mistake being surprised by its quality despite being written so long ago It turns out and I agree with an analysis I ve read somewhere that states that, unlike science, there is no progress, no discovery in art An artist, while he creates, is not helped by the efforts of all the others like scientists are and depends upon his own individual truths The ancient art is in no way a primitive version of the art created by our contemporaries So it should not be astonishing to me that a text written thousands of years ago possesses the same qualities or refinement of awarded pieces that only now cracked their fifty years of age mark.
Putting the story itself a little aside, it s precisely this refinement, this brilliance in the construction of the narrative that impressed me so much The pace, the development of the action and disentanglement of this intricate plot was written so masterfully that it requires little investigation in discovering the reasons why it became so influential to the subsequent generations Now, I m not knowledgeable enough to affirm that Sophocles himself wasn t influenced by other works that preceded him, so I m not claiming unprecedented originality to his name here, but merely talent in using the most appropriate techniques to write so many wondrous predicates into this marvelous play The ability with which he created, sustained and solved the various mysteries that surround this classical tragedy is very remarkable, as well as a striking mixture of pity and horror that the themes developed here successfully imposes on the reader.
Themes such as fate, free will, interference in human life by the Gods for some that hasn t changed much, has it and its inflexible exploration of human nature and suffering are skillfully written in the form of intense dialogues and shocking revelations that could even prove too disturbing had not been Sophocles accurate treatment, much like the reader likely pities Phedre s actions instead of automatically blaming her for her fate The ever so mesmerizing battle between destiny and logical consequences also plays a big role here does fate completely control Oedipus s actions is it all predetermined , or is he simply a victim of his own doings, even if unknowingly Oedipus Rex also known as Oedipus the King and Oedipus Tyrannus tells the story of Oedipus, a man that s respected and loved in Thebas, where he is King after solving the riddle of the Sphinx and marrying Jocasta, the widow of the previous king After a plague threatens his kingdom, he is begged by a chorus of Thebans for help and Oedipus sends for an oracle in order to find some guidance As it turns out, Tiresias, the blind prophet, believes the King is the only one to blame for his malady At first outraged and, because of it, incensed into proving his innocence, he starts connecting the clues that he receives from various bits of information gathered by different sources view spoiler As it turns out, Oedipus, after leaving his home in Corinth due to a prophecy which stated he would murder his father and sleep with his mother, entered a fight with some men at a crossroads and ended up killing them, before arriving in Thebes One of these men was Laius, Jocasta s husband and previous King In order to escape the prophecy, Oedipus fell into it, as he was Laius s son who was sent away to be killed many years ago exactly because he received an oracle that he would be murdered by his own son Oedipus s life ended up being spared and, unknown to him, he was adopted by the King of Corinth Now it was clear to him that, besides murdering his father, he has slept with his own mother and fathered children that were also his brothers and sisters Jocasta, upon finding out this complex imbroglio, can t deal with the unimaginable situation and kills herself hide spoiler Book Review4 out of 5 stars to Oedipus Rex, the first of The Theban Plays, written by Sophocles around 430 BC If you are unfamiliar with Greek tragedies, the thing you need to know most is that the authors often played with the concept of fate not just that some things are meant to be or to come back and haunt you, but that there is always going on than you realize at the time This is one of the plays you should absolutely read Although borderline spoiler, it s important to know 1 fact about the play, as it plays into the mind of so many psychologists today when they speak about an Oedipal Complex, as in all young boys kids fall in love with their mothers at some point Essentially, Oedipus kills the King and marries the King s wife Little does he know that was his father and she is his mother Whaaaaattttt How does that happen Seriously well, the plot is intricate, the history is insane and it s only the first of three in this trilogy Find a translation and read it It s a little convoluted, and the language may be a bit metaphorical in too many places, but the characters and the plot is amazingAbout MeFor those new to me or my reviews here s the scoop I read A LOT I write A LOT And now I blog A LOT First the book review goes on Goodreads, and then I send it on over to my WordPress blog at where you ll also find TV Film reviews, the revealing and introspective 365 Daily Challenge and lots of blogging about places I ve visited all over the world And you can find all my social media profiles to get the details on the who what when where and my pictures Leave a comment and let me know what you think Vote in the poll and ratings Thanks for stopping by.
Oedipus the King The Theban Plays 1 , Sophocles Oedipus Rex, also known by its Greek title, Oedipus Tyrannus Ancient Greek , or Oedipus the King, is an Athenian tragedy by Sophocles that was first performed around 429 BC originally, to the ancient Greeks, the title was simply Oedipus , as it is referred to by Aristotle in the Poetics It is thought to have been renamed Oedipus Tyrannus to distinguish it from Oedipus at Colonus In antiquity, the term tyrant referred to a ruler, but it did not necessarily have a negative connotation Oedipus sent his brother in law Creon to ask advice of the oracle at Delphi concerning a plague ravaging Thebes Creon returns to report that the plague is the result of religious pollution, since the murderer of their former King, Laius, had never been caught Oedipus vows to find the murderer and curses him for causing the plague 1974 96 212 1387 72 9786005209006 1387 132 9789646088733 1389 144 9789648727890 Sometimes life s a real bitch Fate is unavoidable in ancient Greek Tragedy Trying to avoid it will only lead to it, and doing nothing will lead you there too So if a God tells you that you will die at the hands of your son, and that he will then go on to steal your wife, you d best do nothing because it s going to happen anyway Any preventative action you take will only lead to the same ending So, you re pretty much screwed You might as well lie down and accept it The God s are mean But, nope, if you re like the King of Thebes you ll leave your infant son for dead instead Poor Oedipus He really didn t have much chance in life He could do nothing to intervene with his own destiny, mainly because his tragic flaw is his lack of awareness about his true origins He hears a rumour of the prophecy told to his farther, so he endeavours to stay away from him But, in doing so he is pushed ever closer to his real farther That s the problem with being abandoned at birth you just don t know who is who in the world There s some irony in this somewhere Indeed, it suggests that no free will exists at all because any exertions of the supposed free will lead to the predetermined fate So every action has been accounted for already The intended audience may have been aware of these powers but Oedipus and his farther were hapless in their wake They had to both learn the hard way Oedipus had to recognise it, and in the process he shattered his life it made him tear out his very eyes Now that s real grief There s no wonder Aristotle made this his model for the perfect play because this is masterful.
Aristotle s theory can be used to assist the reader in understanding how the plot contributes to the tragedy I couldn t have read tragedy without it The tragedy is created, in part, by the complexity of its plot which leads towards the catharsis According to Aristotle s Poetics the complexity of the plot is established through reversal, recognition and suffering A simple plot will only establish one of these therefore, it will have a limited catharsis The reversal peritpeteia is the change of a state of affairs to its opposite, such as the reversal of Oedipus identity The recognition anaghorsis is achieved through the acquiring of knowledge, like the knowledge Oedipus gains of his birth Aristotle argues that an effective plot has its anaghorisis bound up with the peritpeteia This is because it, carries with it pity or fear such as these following linesO god All come true, all busting to light O light now let me look my last on you I stand revealed at lastLines 1305 9 I hope I didn t lose anyone or bore them to death with my summary of Poetics.
The structure is the key it is everything in delivering the plot If, in the cathartic moment, the action can evoke suffering through a combination of a reversal of circumstances during a brutally stark recognition, then the ultimate delivery of pity and fear will be achieved Such is the case with Oedipus Oedipus s hamartia, his tragic flaw at the core of his being, is his ignorance, and when the veil is lifted he realises the tragedy of the situation he realises all too late that fate is unshakable and unconquerable He has unknowingly committed incest with his mother and murdered his farther, so, like I said, life is a real bitch.
I have come back to this play now in a roundabout way As part of a Seminar on Aesthetics, The Eye that Thinks, imparted in the Prado Museum, we were prompted by our Professor F lix de Az a to read Oedipus in a Hegelian framework We had been discussing the contributions of Hegel to Aesthetics, and he wanted us to visit the play and think of the role of Sphinx and the significance of Thebes.
In Hegel s aesthetic system he identified Greek sculptures as the apex of what art could achieve in its quest of perfect and supreme beauty Earlier architecture and art were still immature attempts For example, the large Egyptian monuments were undertakings in which matter still prevailed over Geist When Hegel saw some Kouroi in Munich now in the Glyptotech , specimens of very early Greek art, he was struck by the significance of the step in this walking man.
In Egyptian representations of humans, legs are seen in profile They depicted stability, while the Greek marble in Munich man was striding forward The Kouros, although still using Egyptian conventions presented something very new It embodied gesture And Hegel thought that art should strive to represent movement The conceptual step of the Kouros, an awakening out of immobility, separated the worlds of the two Thebes the one in Boetia in ancient Greece from the one up the Nile in ancient Egypt In Greece Geist was finally on the move.
If Hegel favoured Greek sculpture, he found that Greek drama could offer an additional dimension to sculpted beauty as the unfolding of time could be represented as well For him Greek tragedy had invoked the greatest aesthetic power.
Hegel had also understood the Egyptian Sphinx as the first instance of the representation of human emerging out, liberating himself, from his animal nature In this reading of Oedipus Rex as I have tried to keep on some sort of Hegelian glasses and forget about the pervasive Freudian interpretation , I have seen the solution of Oedipus to the riddle of the Sphinx, and the consequent dissolution of the curse on Thebes and the destruction of the monster, as the emergence of humanity over its previous servitudes and imprisonment And yet, this conquered freedom also brought the possibility of unwilled intention or of the unintended will and the impossibility of unlearning what one already knows.
Trapped in this situation Oedipus attempt to escape his knowledge by doing away with his eyes, could only bring death.
As the chorus chants it is the only liberation.
What Man Wins Happiness Than Just Its Shape And The Ruin When That Shape Collapses Sophocles Oedipus Rex Has Never Been Surpassed For The Raw And Terrible Power With Which Its Hero Struggles To Answer The Eternal Question, Who Am I The Play, A Story Of A King Who Acting Entirely In Ignorance Kills His Father And Marries His Mother, Unfolds With Shattering Power We Are Helplessly Carried Along With Oedipus Towards The Final, Horrific Truth To Make Oedipus Accessible For The Modern Reader, Our Prestwick House Literary Touchstone Classics Includes A Glossary Of The Difficult Words, As Well As Convenient Sidebar Notes To Enlighten The Reader On Aspects That May Be Confusing Or Overlooked We Hope That The Reader May, Through This Edition, Fully Enjoy The Beauty Of The Verse, The Wisdom Of The Insights, And The Impact Of The Drama Oedipus of Sophocles is a great work of art written by a great poet,this play symbolizes for the human misery and despairthe torments of the human soul,the innocence and guilt,Wisdom Out of Suffering and Fate that determines many things no matter how we struggle to change it.
Oedipus hears about his dreadful fate from the Delphic oracle and flees from Corinth But instead of fleeing from his fate he runs into itOedipus a passionate heart,who ask questions and take risks,has all the qualities of a great manhe has gone through sudden shifts on the course of his life and lets every situation control him.
Despite his flaws, Oedipus is a good person who seeks the truth no matter how devastating and who accept the responsibility for his actions.
At the end of the play, Oedipus accepts his fate as well as the punishment given to him.
He had promised to exile the one who is responsible for the plague , and he fulfills his promise even if he himself is the one to be exiled By mercilessly punishing himself, he becomes a great herowho has a Respect for Justice.
Jocasta, on the other hand, appears as a person who would rather control the situation She reveals that she is mature than Oedipus and even reveals a maternal side towards him This is evident in the way she tries to stop Oedipus from investigating further into the mystery of his birth At this point, she has realized the possibility that Oedipus may be her son She would rather let the dreadful fact remain a mystery then let it ruin their livesThe entwined sheets with which she hangs herself symbolize the double life she has led.
Oedipus tragic position and his trial to elude the prophecies and to challenge his Fate, that was inevitable as he at last fails, but just having the courage to attempt , makes him a true hero This play raises a question,when someone is trying to avoid doing things Does he have free will or the ability to choose his own path or is everything in life predetermined You ll enjoy this book if you like Plays duh Ancient Greece also duh A fast read Gods who release plagues on a kingdom to ignite drama view spoiler Patricide and incest I mean, not necessarily like them, but tolerate them haha hide spoiler Chi tra gli umani, chi riceve pi felicit di quanta ne basti per sembrare felice .
Mi sono ritrovata a voler rileggere questo dramma, affrontato pi volte sui banchi di scuola, per i numerosi richiami che Pamuk ne fa nel suo la donna dai capelli rossi Volevo capire l ossessione che il personaggio ha per questo mito e niente meglio che ritornare sui propri passi Edipo l archetipo del male, che si perpetua senza coscienza, l uomo che uccide senza saperlo il padre, colui che lo ha generato, sangue del suo sangue e carne della sua carne, pur facendo di tutto perch ci non succeda, e che giace con la madre da cui genera dei figli, suoi stessi fratelli dunque Quello che mi ha sempre colpito di Edipo il fatto che non si uccida, ma che scelga di accecarsi Morire sarebbe una liberazione per chi tanto ha commesso Invece continuare a vivere, senza pi vedere le bellezze del mondo, in un buio senza fine, gli ricorder sempre la sua colpa ed questo il modo per espiarla davanti agli occhi del mondo e degli stessi dei Il ritmo veloce, incalzante come la verit , il coro ammalia prima con parole splendide, poi con accuse ferociLe sue mani sono rosse di sanguee rimanda a messaggi sibilliniSospeso nell aria Non decifro il presente Il passato mi oscuro Penso alla Pizia di D rrenmatt che lancia ad Edipo un vaticinio assurdo solo per toglierselo dai piedi come se quel verbo una volta emesso dalla sua bocca sia di per s motivo di realizzazione del destino di Edipo Imponente la figura di Tiresia, interprete del volere di ApolloEDIPO pensi di poter parlare cos in eterno e rallegrartene TIRESIA Si, se esiste la forza della verit.
E tu che ora vedi chiaro vedrai solo tenebra Colpiscono le immagini di una citt in balia della peste come una nave squassata dalle onde, e di un Ade nero che si nutre di singhiozzi e lamenti.
Una lettura pi consapevole, oggiUbris genera tiranniMai frase fu pi vera.
ð Read Ë Οἰδίπους Τύραννος by Sophocles ✓ Look and learn all citizens of Thebes This is Oedipus.