Trailer ¶ Οἰδίπους ἐπὶ Κολωνῷ PDF by Ì Sophocles A play about the end of Oedipus I found this one to actually be sad than the first one PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENT THIS IS FAKE SOPHOCLES.
Fun fact Oedipus at Colonus was actually written by Sophocles s grandson Which sort of explains why it feels like fanfiction than Greek tragedy Ah, Sophocles Junior Junior You should have left the serious playwriting to your granddaddy.
The Latest Title To Join The Acclaimed Greek Tragedy In New Translations Series, Sophocles Oedipus At Colonus Tells The Story Of The Last Day In The Life Of Oedipus It Was Written At The End Of The Fifth Century BCE In Athens, In The Final Years Of The Golden Age Of Athenian Culture, And In The Last Year Of Sophocles Own Life At The Center Of The Play Is The Mysterious Transformation Of Oedipus From An Old And Blind Beggar, Totally Dependent On His Daughters, To The Man Who Rises From His Seat And, Without Help, Leads Everyone To The Place Where He Is Destined To Die In The Background Of This Transformation Stands The Grove Of The Furies, The Sacred Place Of The Implacable Goddesses Who Pursue The Violators Of Blood Relationships Although Oedipus, Who Killed His Father And Married His Mother, Is An Obvious Target Of The Furies Vengeance, He Enters Their Grove At The Beginning Of The Play, Sure That It Is The Resting Place Apollo Has Predicted For Him The Reversals And Paradoxes In The Play Speak To The Struggle That Oedipus Life And The Action Of The Play Bring Vividly Before Us How Do We As Humans, Subject To Constant Change, Find Stable Ground On Which To Stand And Define Our Moral Lives Sophocles Offers His Play As A Witness To The Remarkable Human Capacity To Persevere In This Struggle But nothing else escapes all ruinous time Earth s might decays, the might of men decays,Honor grows cold, dishonor flourishes,There is no constancy twixt friend and friend,Or city and city be it soon or late,Sweet turns to bitter, hate once to love.
Unlike the other two plays in the Trilogy this one lacks a sweeping gesture there isn t a fixed idea but rather a series of reactions Incredible Oed is bad news, he s shunned and has taken to the road with cher Antigone to lead and protect him Apparently his grave bodes well with the Fates and suddenly everyone wants him to be buried in their post code Imagine how this relates with the crucial argument of the concluding play Antigone Subsequent speeches abound from Theseus of Athens and our creepy uncle Creon Civil war looms and Antigone is wise beyond her years.
We have a tendency to confuse emotions and two most confused emotions are guilt and shame Now guilt is sense of having committed something wrong and repenting it it assumes that the person knew better than that Shame is of an emotion imposed by Sociey on those it just doesn t like there might be cultures who would shame LGBT communities Society uses it s shaming tools to create a wrong sense of guilt in people even if they didn t do anything wrong In the end, we start feeling guilty just because we must hide a thing from society that would shame is from it Or might knowingly commit wrong acts that society doesn t consider shameful This while LGBTQ communities suffer from guilt for not adhering to tradional sexual norms army soldiers feel arrogantly proud of taking human lives.
Oedipus killed his father whom he didn t know to be his father and upon learning about it and fact of having married his mother seemed to have suffered from shame rather than actual guilt A shame that was added on to by wrath of gods who could have easily prevented it themselves Oedipus oscillates between the wrong sense of guilt the shame evokes and the idea that he can t be held responsible for actions done in ignorance.
This is the second of the three Oedipus plays I hate Oedipus Rex too disturbing and depressing for me but love Antigone, so I had no idea what to expect.
The Bad You have to hear Oedipus summarize what he did in Oedipus Rex and apparently virtually everyone he s met since he was exiled has asked him about it, much to his horror People think that he can only bring the rage of the gods upon their cities Oedipus s past actions are something you really don t want to hear, and Oedipus talks about them in such a heartbreaking way He has been a legitimate outsider, living in the woods, because pretty much all of Greece heard what happened He hasn t dated anyone either you can t blame him His sons never forgave him and refuse to let him be buried in the city limits when he dies because that would make him a Theban citizen They think Oedipus brought shame on their family Polynices feels a little bad about it, but only because he got himself exiled too He tries to elicit sympathy from Oedipus for this but doesn t succeed because his exile isn t comparable to Oedipus s exile Polynices moved to Argos and got married.
We re off to a really depressing start.
The Good Oedipus has been doing alright, and he s become very sympathetic in his old age He has forgiven himself because he understands that he had to experience a series of tragedies to get him to where he is now He s grown kinder, he has two caring daughters who take care of him and whom he loves than life itself, the gods have accepted his atonement and have forgiven him, and his destiny is to protect whichever city accepts him as a citizen.
You surmise that when he gouged out his eyes in Oedipus Rex, he became enlightened, but it s a little open ended Oedipus at Colonus shows that he did reach enlightenment He can tell when people are lying and he knows to be extremely skeptical when dealing with people and politics He has excellent judgement and is loyal to those who deserve it He is a great orator and a persuasive speaker He trusts what the gods say and propitiates them accordingly The gods, in turn, look upon him with favor King Oedipus has now reached Athens to ask for citizenship, and King Theseus is extremely empathetic and welcomes him with open arms Oedipus asks him to be his daughters godfather and Theseus is honored The Chorus say some really depressing things about old age Sophocles was 90 when he wrote the play , but then they say comforting things about the afterlife They pray to King Hades Pluto and Queen Persephone Proserpina of the Underworld for easy passage through the Underworld, and to Hypnos Somnus god of sleep and death for rest for the weary Oedipus prays to Hermes Mercury god of death, travel, friendship, etc to safely guide him.
The endearing parts make up for the tragic parts Does It Stand on Its Own The caveat of the play is that you have to already care about the characters, from the play Oedipus Rex and or the play Antigone Oedipus Rex and Oedipus at Colonus cannot stand as stand alone works because together they paint a complete picture of what Sophocles has to say about how our personal choices mainly our stubbornness and arrogance affect our ever changing Fate Antigone works as a stand alone play, but Oedipus at Colonus shows that Antigone learned how to live in accordance with the gods and be a fearless beacon of righteousness from her father, in his years of exile.
So What Is The Play About It s a soliloquy from Oedipus about accepting death and embracing the love of the gods and the love of loved ones He is but one of many people in the cosmos He was once a king and hero, but then he was an exile, and then an Athenian citizen He s no important than anyone else and he s not an isolated individual He s part of the cosmos, and so is everyone else, and so is death They all have their place and purpose in the universe The play is an eloquent ode to a life well lived the later part of his life and an awe of what is to come in the afterlife.
The blind Oedipus, exiled from his native Thebes and reduced to a life of wandering led by his daughter Antigone, arrives at the town of Colonus, where he is at first told to move on because the ground there is sacred to the Erinyes or Furies also known as the Eumenides Oedipus takes this as auspicious, because Apollo s original prophecy, in addition to predicting that he would kill his father and marry his mother, also revealed that he would die at a place sacred to the Furies and that he would be a blessing for the land in which he is buried.
The Chorus of old men of Colonus are horrified to learn that he is the son of Laius, of whom they have heard, and desperately try to expel him from their town, fearing that he will curse it Oedipus argues that he killed his father in self defence and is not morally responsible for his crimes Further, he even claims to be there on a sacred mission, bearing a great gift for the people and asks to see Theseus, king of Athens.
Oedipus s other daughter Ismene arrives, bringing the news that his younger son Eteocles has seized the throne of Thebes and his elder son Polynices is raising a force the Seven Against Thebes of Aeschylus play to attack the city and reclaim control According to an oracle, though, the outcome of this conflict depends on where Oedipus himself is buried, and it is further rumoured that his scheming brother in law Creon is planning to have him killed and buried at the border of Thebes without proper burial rites, so that neither son can claim the power of the oracle s prediction Oedipus pledges allegiance to neither of his feuding sons, contrasting them with his devoted daughters, and throws himself on the mercy and protection of the people of Colonus, who have treated him well thus far.
The Chorus questions Oedipus for details of his incest and patricide but, when King Theseus arrives, the king already appears well informed on all the tragic events, and sympathizes with Oedipus, offering him unconditional aid Touched by Theseus understanding and concern, Oedipus offers him in return the gift of his burial site, which will ensure victory for Athens in any future conflict with Thebes Theseus protests that the two cities are on friendly terms, although Oedipus warns him that only the gods are unaffected by the passage of time Theseus makes Oedipus a citizen of Athens, and leaves the Chorus to guard him when he leaves.
Creon, representing Thebes, arrives and feigns pity for Oedipus and his children, suggesting that he should return to his home city of Thebes Oedipus, though, knowing the cruel Creon well, is not taken in by his wiles Creon then seizes Antigone and reveals that he has already captured Ismene, threatening to use force to bring Oedipus back to Thebes, regardless of the attempts of the men of the Chorus to stop him King Theseus and his men intervene to protect Oedipus, and they overpower Creon and the Thebans and rescue Oedipus daughters, stressing the Athenian respect for the law compared to the lawlessness of degenerate Thebes.
Oedipus son Polynices, banished from Thebes by his brother Eteocles, arrives and begs to speak to Oedipus Antigone persuades her father, against his better judgement, to hear her brother speak, and Polynices begs for reconcilation with his father, craving his forgiveness and blessing knowing that the oracle has declared that victory will fall to whichever side Oedipus espouses Oedipus is unmoved and curses both his worthless sons, bluntly foretelling that they will kill each other in the coming battle.
A fierce thunderstorm rolls in, which Oedipus interprets as a sign from Zeus that his end is near He insists on granting Theseus and his city of Athens the gift he promised, declaring that Athens will forever be protected by the gods as long as Theseus does not reveal the location of his grave to anyone Suddenly filled with an inner strength as his fate nears, the blind Oedipus stands and walks, calling for his children and Theseus to follow him into the sacred grove of the Furies.
A messenger arrives and describes to the Chorus the dignified death of Oedipus, explaining how, at the last minute, he had sent his children away so that only Theseus might know the exact place of his death, and pass it on to his heir Even though Ismene and Antigone are distraught at their father s death, King Theseus scrupulously refuses to reveal to them the site of Oedipus burial Eventually, the women submit and start back for Thebes, still hoping to stop Polynices and the Seven Against Thebes from marching on the city and the bloodshed which will inevitably result.
AnalysisAt the time that Oedipus at Colonus was written, Athens was undergoing many changes, in the wake of the military defeat by the Spartans and the brutal and dictatorial rule of the Thirty Tyrants, and both the writing of the play and its reception by the Athenian audiences of the time would have been influenced by this historical context The Athens of the play is seen as the apogee of democracy and jurisprudence as Theseus, King of Athens, unconditionally allows Oedipus sanctuary The Athenian suburb of Colonus, which is the main setting for the play, is where Sophocles spent a good part of his own boyhood years.
There is much less action and philosophical discussion in this play than in Oedipus the King and Sophocles other plays Written, according to some reports, when Sophocles was approaching his ninetieth year, he treats the aged protagonist with great respect throughout the play The cheerful hope with which the care worn Oedipus looks forward to his death as a release from the troubles and sufferings of life almost certainly has some personal application and reflects to some extent the feelings of the aged poet.
The play follows Oedipus transition from beggar to a kind of hero, and it can be seen as a kind of meditation on the fallibility of humans and the possibility of their redemption Life is presented as a journey or learning process and, throughout the play, Oedipus moves from a peaceful resignation and defeatism at the beginning, through a fiery passion reminiscent of his younger days in the central portion, to a serenity and inner peace and even a new found assertiveness and dignity at the end.
The play explicitly addresses the theme of a person s moral responsibility for their destiny, and whether or not it is possible to rebel against fate Oedipus repeatedly claims that he is not responsible for the actions he is fated to commit Sophocles suggests that, although a ruler s limited understanding may lead him to believe himself fully innocent, this does not change the objective fact of his guilt.
However, there is also the suggestion that, because Oedipus sinned unknowingly, his guilt may in some way be reduced, allowing his earthly sufferings to serve as sufficient expiation for his sins, so that in death he may be favoured as Apollo s prophecy has predicted Despite being blinded and exiled and facing violence from Creon and his sons, in the end Oedipus is accepted and absolved by Zeus and comes to accept the inevitability of divine will and prophesy.
Perhaps the most famous quote from the play comes in line 880 In a just cause, the weak overcome the strong.
the second installment was actually a huge disappointment The continuation of the tragedy kinda turned me off also I m having second thoughts about reading it s third installments or maybe its because I m listening to the audiobook version IDK.
A Theban Addendum5 May 2012 This is a rather unusual play in that while it is connected with the main Theban epic, it does not seem to sit well within the epic cycle Rather it seems to be an attempt by Sophocles to explore some of the unanswered questions that arose within both the Antigone and Oedipus Tyrannos, particularly as whether Oedipus was truly guilty of his actions he was not as they were done in ignorance as well as how Creon basically became a jerk I say that because in Oedipus Tyrannos he seems to be a rather decent person, but in the Antigone he is a brutal tyrant We also have interactions with Polynicies, one of Oedipus sons and the one who fled Thebes after his brother Etocles took the throne, and then returned with an army in an attempt to retake it The play sits between Oedipus Tyrannos and the Antigone, though it was probably the last play that Sophocles wrote In fact he never saw it performed as he had died, though I suspect that since it was written around the time that Athens finally fell to the Spartans that the annual Dionysia was probably cancelled However it was performed, and it also became one of the seven plays of Sophocles that have survived down to modern times A friend of mine considers this to be her favourite Greek play, however I am still a little confused with it because it really does not seem to deal with any particular legend, and I got the impression that my Classical Studies lecturer didn t particularly think much of it either The play is set in Colonus, which was a small village outside of Athens though I did a Google Maps search and found that it is now a suburb of Athens that lies to the Northwest of the Acropolis, just slightly to the west of the main Athens Railway station, though I doubt you will find any ancient ruins there The village itself is located in Attica which means that it comes under the jurisdiction of Athens, though quite possibly during the Peloponesian War it was located outside of the Long Walls and as such would have been overrun by the Spartans When Oedipus arrives he is chided by the inhabitants for despoiling a sacred site, and this sets the tone of the entire play Oedipus has been tainted with sin in that he had committed patricide the murder of one s father and incest, and even mentions that his daughters are also his sisters, and his sons are equally his brothers It sort of creates a really strange, and somewhat unnatural, relationship with his children siblings However one of the ideas that I get out of this play is the that the Greeks considered incest and to an extent patricide wrong Still, I am personally not convinced that Oedipus did anything wrong, though I have discussed this in detail previously under Oedipus Tyrannos, so there is no need for me to go over old ground here However, there is still the idea of incest, which seems to play a significant role in this play, and that is because both Ismene and Antigone are major characters However for some reason Creon arrives at Colonus to take them back, and forcefully that that I guess this is about Oedipus coming to terms with his fate, and in a way allowing him to be cleansed He does begin to go through a cleansing ritual, but unfortunately this is interrupted when Creon arrives and forcefully removes Ismene, who is going out to collect the pure spring water that is required in the ritual Theseus also makes an appearance in this play as king of Athens This confuses me a bit since in other plays by Euripides he is king of Athens during Heracles reign in Thebes However I guess that is not the point, but rather, like in Heracles Furens, Theseus once again plays the role of the psychologist and friend who helps Oedipus come to terms with his past Unlike Herakles, who suffered from combat trauma and PTSD, Oedipus suffers from guilt and a persecution complex This, honestly, is not surprising Simply put, somebody in heaven must seriously hate this guy because as I have repeatedly said he has done nothing wrong, he was only a victim of destiny Polynicies also makes an appearance in this play He was kicked out of Thebes when his brother Etocles took the throne Both Creon and Polynicies want Oedipus to return to Thebes, most likely to settle the dispute between the two brothers, and both become incredibly hostile and agitated when he refuses to do so Creon even goes to the extent of kidnapping his daughters to attempt to bring him back We see a very nasty Creon in this play, and this extends much further when we get to Antigone We obviously know what happens Polynicies raises and army and attacks Thebes, and in the ensuring battle, loses and dies, but not before killing Etocles What happens afterwards I shall leave for when I finish Antigone and you can also refer to Seven Against Thebes The play ends with Oedipus death and his ascension to the Blessed Realms Oedipus death is actually incredibly dignified, and deserving of a man who fate has simply turned around and slapped him in the face One thing I noted is that even Creon, for as much of a prick that he is, recognises Oedipus benevolent rule in Thebes Unfortunately nothing like that comes about again I am doubtful that it is Oedipus that is cursed, but rather the city itself and it has probably something to do with the father of Laertius feeding human flesh to his enemy another very, very, bad thing in Greek society One thing I am not willing to do is to link this tragedy to Athens hatred of Thebes, and vice versa Okay, Creon and Theseus come to blows, and it is ordained there that Thebes and Athens were to become enemies, but this is what they call rewriting the past It is very interesting that Oedipus went to the Blessed Realms, since that is a reward set aside for only the greatest of heroes Achilles being one of them , so I guess for a man who suffered as much as Oedipus did, it is probably the gods and in particular Zeus turning around and saying, hey, this didn t happen because of anything you did, but rather the actions of your ancestors, so because you suffered so in life you will be rewarded in death.
It was of mortal exits the most marvelous 4.
5 stars What a surprise this was It s the least read of the Oedipus cycle and probably the last of the 123 plays that Sophocles ever wrote, of which only 7 survive , but it s now my favorite of those three connected plays Part homage to Athens which was falling to Sparta at the time this was written , part portrait of old age, at its heart this is a play about the duel faces of life betrayal and loyalty, pain and love, disillusionment and redemption And, as a bonus, it has the greatest smackdown of a speech ever given by a father Polyneices gets WRECKED, and I m tabbing this speech in the event that I have a son who disappoints me People tend to skip over this one in favor of Oedipus Rex and Antigone, but it s so deserving of love.