Download Epub Format ☆ Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei PDF by ß Karl Marx Its awful fun to grow up marxist in the US You get to go to meetings where you, as a kid, soon realize there s no point in paying attention so off you go with the other rowdy tots into the ghetto to make trouble with whatever you find to hand.
And you get to read this novella and if you re bored and underchallenged but over bothered you can begin to argue against american capitalist imperialism and the growth of consumerist doctrine using your new found propaganda skills til you bait a teacher into telling you to move to Russia if you like that stuff so much true story Political power, properly so called, is merely the organised power of one class for oppressing anotherKarl Marx, The Communist ManifestoVol 20 of my Penguin Little Black Classics Box Set To be clear, I m not giving this 5 stars because I m a Communist just waiting start a revolution not that I m against a good revolution here or there I do come from a religious tradition that experimented in the 1800s with ideas of consecration and communalism They called it the United Order Even with a charismatic leader and the hope of Zion, it was a failed experiment As an economic system, I think there are serious flaws built into Marxism Communism or any of the isms that derived from Marx and Engles ideas That said, there are also SERIOUS flaws with Capitalism, Christianism, etc I think the idea that there is one perfect economic dogma for all levels and all people and all societies is a bit naive Anyway, I m giving this 5 stars because it is a helluva tract It, obviously, lit a fire that spread quickly through Europe, Asia, etc Love it or hate it, we are all living in a world that has been marked by Marx Personally, I dig Das KapitalI LOVE Marxist theory waythan Marxist practice My wife and I DID have a cat in college named Marx.
This Norton Critical Edition Offers A Complete Historical And Philosophical Introduction To Marx S Manifesto Of The Communist Party It Will Help Both Students Making Their First Approach To Marx S Thought And Those Ready To Study The Manifesto In Depth I finally read this even though someone gave it to me forever ago I think the ideas are interesting but I think this functionsinto explaining communist ideology in that historical period and for explaining the positioning in regards to other groups I would rather readabout the idea of history as class struggle but expanded upon which seems like it could be an interesting framework or the themes of the inherent instability of capitalism that was being argued for I don t think I have the capacity to read Capital right now though I also read this because someone told me if I didn t read it I wouldn t understand Marx s ideas but I m pretty sure I had the grasp of them without this and this just supports my hypothesis that really I should never have to read source materials when I can just read summaries.
This tract by Marx and Engels is too enormous in implication to review fully in the small little space that GR allows, so what I ll do for now is take extracts from it and comment on them, piece by piece.
Per the MaifestoAbolition of the family Even the most radical flare up at this infamous proposal of the Communists On what foundation is the present family, the bourgeois family, based On capital, on private gain In its completely developed form this family exists only among the bourgeoisie But this state of things finds its complement in the practical absence of the family among the proletarians, and in public prostitution The bourgeois family will vanish as a matter of course when its complement vanishes, and both will vanish with the vanishing of capital Do you charge us with wanting to stop the exploitation of children by their parents To this crime we plead guilty But, you will say, we destroy the most hallowed of relations, when we replace home education by social And your education Is not that also social, and determined by the social conditions under which you educate, by the intervention, direct or indirect, of society, by means of schools, etc The Communists have not invented the intervention of society in education they do but seek to alter the character of that intervention, and to rescue education from the influence of the ruling class The bourgeois clap trap about the family and education, about the hallowed co relation of parent and child, becomes all thedisgusting, the , by the action of Modern Industry, all family ties among the proletarians are torn asunder, and their children transformed into simple articles of commerce and instruments of labour Marx and Engels are here addressing a snapshot in time of European history I don t have much knowledge of conditions during the industrial revolution in the rest of Europe, but have researched the situation relatively extensively as it was in Britain, as a background to a lot of criticism that was launched against the status quo by a lot of Victorian writers of fiction.
In the feudal system, labor did not remove laborers from their families at all, in fact, it rather strengthened family ties since most of what can be seen as the proletariat of feudal times, were indebted laborers on the fiefdom of their feudal lord.
So, the only labor which compromised the family situation, was the kind of labor done by men, women and children in mines and factories during the industrial revolution, from around 1750 to the early 1900 s If you read up on reforms in Britain, you will see that by about 1831, public outcries against child labor and the conditions that adults and children were made to work under in mines, caused public commissions to be instituted by government, which started a slow and gradual reform of conditions via legislation, to the point that all kinds of laborers are pretty well protected and well represented at the present day.
Ironically, the big bad fat cats these days are not the kind that deal with direct labor, but rather the type who deal in with secondary products like financial products and services By services we do not mean of the labour kind that Marx addressed Marx was addressing the kind of workers who were exploited in mines and factories Note that the industrial revolution, although it started off bringing such untold misery to so many, also had the following effect average income and population began to exhibit unprecedented sustained growth In the two centuries following 1800, the world s average per capita income increased over tenfold, while the world s population increased over sixfold Finally it was within the grasp of those born outside of nobility to make a decent living for themselves A lot of workplace reform has taken place since the IR started.
and not through rabble rousers like Marx, but because people with a conscience raised their voices and cried out against the injustices being done by capitalists against fellow human beings Authors like Charles Dickens, for instance, and Victor Hugo, helped to encourage the privileged to look upon their less fortunate brethren with greater sympathy, and to call for social reform in the name of conscience.
so, Karl Marx is being a great opportunist here At a time when history and society is in great flux and inner revolution, when a new era is dawning and social conscience still needs to become cognizant of the suffering of some of the members of society, Karl Marx exploits the situation, ironically by making use of the exploitation by one element of society, of another.
It is the poor and the ignorant that is being exploited, and Karl Marx exploits their helplessness, ignorance and gullibility to shout for revolution instead of evolution Marx and Engels call for violence where no violence is necessary, because peaceful change was already taking place in any case.
Per the manifesto But you Communists would introduce community of women, screams the whole bourgeoisie in chorus The bourgeois sees in his wife a mere instrument of production He hears that the instruments of production are to be exploited in common, and, naturally, can come to no other conclusion than that the lot of being common to all will likewise fall to the women He has not even a suspicion that the real point is to do away with the status of women as mere instruments of production For the rest, nothing isridiculous than the virtuous indignation of our bourgeois at the community of women which, they pretend, is to be openly and officially established by the Communists The Communists have no need to introduce community of women it has existed almost from time immemorial Our bourgeois, not content with having the wives and daughters of their proletarians at their disposal, not to speak of common prostitutes, take the greatest pleasure in seducing each other s wives Bourgeois marriage is in reality a system of wives in common and thus, at the most, what the Communists might possibly be reproached with, is that they desire to introduce, in substitution for a hypocritically concealed, an openly legalised community of women For the rest, it is self evident that the abolition of the present system of production must bring with it the abolition of the community of women springing from that system, i.
, of prostitution both public and private.
The implication is obvious According to the authors, the implication is that marriage is a bourgeois, patriarchal institution for the exploitation of women, a form of prostitution You would think that anybody who is even in the slightest familiar with history, would be able to see immediately how fallacious and false such an accusation is, since marriage is a social institution that evolved gradually over many centuries, but has always been something that protected rather than exploited women Remember, for centuries and centuries, women had no recourse save sexual abstinence for which the best path was to become a nun against falling pregnant Women had exactly three choices Be a prostitute, be a nun, or have the protection of marriage, where you could at least have the privilege of raising your children in a protected environment, and in which the father of the child had the responsibility to care for the children and their mother on a material level.
It is only through birth control, which we at last have 99% effective technology for, that woman is emancipated from the hearth and can take her place next to males as a fully economically productive partner, since she doesn t have to be tied down in a perpetual cycle of pregnancy, childbirth and nursing any.
This has nothing to do with the bourgeoisie except that it was people out of the horrible, terrible ranks of those dastardly bourgeoisie, that modern medicine was developed, modern medicine, which keeps child and maternal mortality at bay, has brought better health to people of all walks and stations in life, and has given us the technology to be able to choose when we do or don t have children.
except if you let The Pope tell you, of course.
I have an overwhelming feeling that Marx was simply exploiting women s emancipation movements to gainsupporters for Communism, when he says the following He has not even a suspicion that the real point is to do away with the status of women as mere instruments of productionYes, women were being marginalized, but by the fact that we were excluded from property holding rights something Marx scorns in any case and from having an equal right to vote something else which he scorns too.
Let s analyze this carefully How are bourgeois males exploiting women by marrying them.
by having sex with them and expecting of them to have children.
but it is usually women who want children in the first place Certainly, in feudal times, children sons were deemed an essential item for males to acquire in order to continue the family line, but, since the human species would discontinue should women stop having children, calling it an exploitation of women by men sounds like a rather strange, roundabout way of putting things.
Certainly in the time that capitalism has steadfastly taken root, children have become reallyof a liability financially speaking, than a prizeand calling a married womanof a prostitute than an unmarried woman would be, who will still be used for sex, just this time by the entire mob instead of her husband, unless the married woman decides to swing which will be HER decision to cuckold her husband unless they both agree to swing just sounds a bit crazy.
In fact, if you think about it, it is Marx who is making the implication that women are mere objects, property to be owned like cows or camels, by suggesting that they will be seen as fair game community of women , as he puts it, having a similar meaning to community of property under Communist rule.
I just can t help finding his attitude massively patronizing and insulting, both towards men and women, as much as I decry the patriarchy of the past, because Marx himself is speaking with the very voice of patriarchy and sexism that he supposedly decries He speaks their language, the language of the white, supremacist patriarchal master.
Also from the manifestoThe education of all children,from the moment that they can get along without a mother s care, shall be in state institutions at state expense and our children must be taken away from us and brought up in some state institution See Communist Party Education Workers Congress, Communist quotesWe must create out of the younger generation a generation of Communists We must turn children, who can be shaped like wax, into real, good Communists We must remove the children from the crude influence of their families We must take them over and, to speak frankly, nationalize them From the first days of their lives they will be under the healthy influence of Communist children s nurseries and schools There they will grow up to be real Communists.
It is generally accepted knowledge that institutionalized care away from any sort of notion of family, is psychologically unhealthy for children.
See Marx wants to pull down the very fabric of society, to the point of removing even the notion of family to remove from children the prerogative of having your own mother and father, of having brothers and sisters, and instead, humans must become cogs in the wheel of Communism, mindless automatons who have no individuality, no sense of self.
No thanks, I don t buy into the hive mind insect think This review is a work in progress, soto follow soon.
EDIT Dear reader, if you feel you need to comment, please take the time to read the discussion thread below first these issues and evenregarding Marxism, Communism, etc, are discussed EXTENSIVELY in the comment thread below, and I fear that comments are starting to become repetitive, with clear indications that commentors are not bothering to check if their arguments might already have been discussed a few times over Unfortunately all that is discussed cannot be worked into the review itself, since GR limits review space, and this is a HUGE subject.
I d also like to mention that I am absolutely to a large extent a fan of Socialism in general and a great fan of the Scandinavian mixed system What I am criticizing in this review, is specifically this document, The Communist Manifesto , and not Socialism itself.
I promise to make time soon to workof the discussions into the review itself, but some very well read and intelligent Marxian apologists have commented, so it might be worth your time to read the discussions in any case.
What can I say Marx was right Almost.
It is an error to assume that the problem with humanity is an inability to recognize our own problems While it s true that we constantly look outside for answers, this is just because we are unhappy with the answers we have We know that success requires hard work and knowledge, but we want something easier We will accept an easier answer even when it isn t true We are not motivated by what is true or likely, but by frightening or enticing stories.
We are driven away from the necessary and the difficult by our inadequacies and fears, and so rarely move ourselves any closer to fulfillment In a perversity of justice, those who do achieve the things which we imagine would fulfill us wealth, fame, beauty, genius are nofulfilled than the average man, and just as beset by inadequacy and fear Often,so.
Transhumanism represents a hope that we can escape this pattern of ignorance and self destruction but only by escaping the human bodies and minds that cannot control themselves.
The Manifesto always seemed littlethan a sad reminder of our failings, though it did motivate people and provided a test of the mettle of humanity Beyond that, it doesto rile than to increase understanding of the economy and our role within it It is sad that a work which is at least based on some worthwhile principles falls to the same simple fears and ideals that plague our everyday lives.
The manifesto tries to take all of the economic theory of its authors and create from it a story that will excite the common man They did not expect that most of them would pick up Das Kapital and start really thinking about their role in things It was enough to engage their greed and sense of injustice without intruding much on their understanding.
The average man does not want to understand, he would prefer to believe It is unfortunate that the main effect proven by the Communist movement is that any and every political system simply shifts wealth and power from one group to another, and little aids the serf or the unlucky.
We Americans are in little position to stand over the failure of Communism , since democracy has not proven any kinder to mankind, nor can it deliver justice equally to the poor and the rich.
read this and understand why your imperialist capitalist government spent the better part of a century playing hot potato with ICBMs, invading and incinerating peaceful, peasant countries, and making your mom and dad piss themselves under school desks The elite were scared shitless and by no means would they allow their slaves, errr labor force, a fraction of freedom or equality or means to resist The 60 year propaganda campaign against Communism and the virtual disappearance of strong labor unions prove this.
Marx is downright bold in his call for the FORCIBLE OVERTHROW OF ALL EXISTING SOCIAL CONDITIONS In fact, the Manifesto is a flat out demand that you go out and set shit on fire, and that s cool enough for me.
Of course, Marxism is flawed because any prick with enough power will undoubtedly exploit the little guy bla bla blaThe point is maybe there is a better system based on real freedom instead of free trade.
This is a most interesting read And whist I obviously take issue with the politics, I m glad I read it This is a product of history, one that should be read and understood by all Penguin Little Black Classic 20The Little Black Classic Collection by penguin looks like it contains lots of hidden gems I couldn t help it they looked so good that I went and bought them all I shall post a short review after reading each one No doubt it will take me several months to get through all of them Hopefully I will find some classic authors, from across the ages, that I may not have come across had I not bought this collection.